Arctic Fox

(Vulpes lagopus)

Arctic foxes have beautiful white (sometimes blue-gray) coats that act as very effective winter camouflage. The natural hues allow the animal to blend into the tundra’s ubiquitous snow and ice. When the seasons change, the fox’s coat turns as well, adopting a brown or gray appearance that provides cover among the summer tundra’s rocks and plants. This fox’s thick tail aids its balance. But for an arctic fox the tail is especially useful as warm cover in cold weather.

They can be found in Eurasia, North America, Greenland, Iceland and many Arctic islands. Arctic foxes mostly inhabit tundra and pack ice, but are also present in Canadian boreal forests

Arctic foxes carefully listen for prey moving or burrowing underneath the snow to pinpoint their location by tilting their heads. Once the prey is located, an Arctic fox can jump several feet in the air and nose dive into the snow to catch its prey.

In the wild, food can be hard to find, especially in polar regions during the long winter months. So the Arctic fox diet is often varied including small mammals, such as lemmings and voles, seabirds, waterfowls and grouse, berries, seaweed, eggs, insects and even frozen carcasses. During prey scarcity, arctic foxes will sometimes follow polar bears on their hunting trip to scavenge on any remaining scraps left by the bear.

Information collected from and